Soil resources are pivotal to end hunger and achieve food security (Sustainable Development Goal 2). Yet, fertile soils are not only a finite and limitedly available resource, but also continuously degraded. Under a business as usual scenario, implementing the SDGS will increase demands placed on soils for the production of food, feed, fibre, and fuels. Competing demands and trade-offs manifest locally at the landscape level in the production of land-based goods and products (e.g. food crops versus energy crops) and at a global level by the trade of land-based goods and services thereby shifting the use of natural resources and outsourcing externalities. This workshop focuses on critical competing demands on soils and links this with practical steps of how we can achieve land degradation neutrality to achieve food security.